1 Epidemiology, burden & pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes
This module describes and discusses type 2 diabetes, the burden of disease, risk factors, pathogenesis and the therapeutics implications of pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes.
2 Complications and comorbidities of type 2 diabetes
Detect and diagnose type 2 diabetes; reveiw macrovascular and microvascular complications of diabetes and view evidence showing the relationship between glycemic control and diabetes-related complications.
3 Management and treatment of type 2 diabetes
This module outlines the Management principles of type 2 diabetes; treatment goals and guidelines; management of cardiovascular risk factors; anti-hyperglycaemic agents and diabetes self-management education and support.
4 SGLT2 inhibitors and their MOA of type 2 diabetes
This module covers the history; physiology of glucose resorption; pathophysiology of glucosuria in type 2 diabetes; mode of action of SGLT2 inhibitors; genetic models for long-term SGLT inhibition and the effects of SGLT2 inhibitors.
5 Safety and adverse events of anti-diabetic therapies
This module outlines the safety and tolerability profile of anti-hyperglycaemic agents and SGLT2 inhibitors for type 2 diabetes.
6 Landmark Clinical Trials of type 2 diabetes
Module 6 summarises the evidence for a number of landmark trials in type 2 diabetes, including the UKPDS, ACCORD and ADVANCE trials.
Rheumatic Fever is the autoimmune consequence of untreated group A Streptococcal throat infection and is preventable with early identification. This article provides an overview of rheumatic fever with insights into the role of pharmacists in the prevention program and treatment of strep throats.
John Dunlop and Linda Bryant review the prevalence and pathology of COPD and discuss ways to recognise appropriate pharmacotherapy whilst understanding the need for psycho-social advice.
In Hong Kong, statistics show than more than 330,000 people suffer from asthma. In Hong Kong adults, the prevalence of asthma is approximately 5%, whereas in children, the prevalence is approximately 8%.
In a typical month, an average healthy child will have about four episodes of pain related to injuries, disease or infections (eg. falls, sprains, sore throats) and one "ache", eg. headache or stomach ache.
Diabetes and Blood Glucose Testing
Diabetes is a condition in which there is too much glucose (sugar) in the blood. Glucose comes from the carbohydrates we eat, and is present in the blood as an energy source. Glucose also comes from the liver, where it is stored in order to provide a constant supply for when we are not eating.
Common foot problems include athlete’s foot, smelly foot, fungal, toenail infections, verrucae, corns, calluses, cracked heel and blisters. Complete the module to learn how to manage these foot conditions.